Keenan Hammer

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LBCH Chapter 7 Notes

Posted by [email protected] on November 21, 2013 at 12:50 AM Comments comments (42)

Research Strategy

-research writing gives you the chance to explore your question through resources

Planning Your Work

-plan out goals on certain dates to spread out work evenly

- remember that writing is a process

-many drafts, etc.

Research Journal

-record your activities and work prgress

-helps clarify thinking

-write down sources, ideas, leads, anything thats important

Working Bib

-keep a journal with your sources in it that also has annotations to refer back to

-source information

-cite sources properly in APA,MLA or other format


-these things ad to your basic sources to make them more helpfull

-what you know

-what you thinkn may be helpful in your research


-using the research journal can show if sources clash or are too similar

-essential part of research writing where you can begin to see connections between two sources

- becomes more complex as you move on

Respond/Connect to Sources

-let source prompt questions within you

-let yourself see connections between sources

keep a record of your own thoughts and ideas prompted by your sources

Gathering Info from your Sources

-let sources support your own ideas

-keep accurate records of what sources say

-keep accurate records of how to find the sources

-synthesize sources

Finding a Research Subject/Question

-seek inspiration fmor various places

-choose an appropriate subject

-research question

-consider what intrigues you about the subject

-narrow it down so it fits your requirements

Setting Goals for Sources

-consider what you already know and what you need to find out

-make a list of what you do know and what questions you do still have

-choose your sources carefully and consider different ones

-use a promary source whenever possible

-seconday sources arent bad but try to avoid them

Scholarly and Popular Sources

-essential for a good paper

-check articles

-title, publisher, length, author, etc.

Finding Sources

-dont look for sources that will write your paper for you, look for supports to YOUR ideas

finding background info

-use encyclopedias and dictionaries to see if youre interested in your subject

-also lead to more detailed resources

FInding Books

-many books are held in the library

-if its not there, they can borrow it from another library

FInding Articles

-find articles anywhere: online or library

Find Sources on the Web

-be diligent about credibility of sources

-web is always changing, an article can dissapear at any time

-a lot of articles going back before 1980 are not online

Other Online Sources

-e-mail: communicate with people who might know about your topic

-blogs: biased

-discussion lists: uses email to connect people with a common question to find an answer

Using Gov't Publications

-go to msu lib website

-use advanced catalog search

Images, Audio, Video

-use them, but ensure they are credible


-use images form articles that help prove point

-create your own images

-use an image search engine

Audio and Video

-audio files are available on the web and the MSU library on CD

-video files are available on the web and the MSU library on DVD

Generating Your Own Sources




-such as a focus group or simply sitting and observing a situation

-make sure it's relevant to your prompt or subject

Personal Interview

-call or write for an interview

-keep notes

-possibly audio record

-send a thank you note after


-define population

-write your questions

-tally results

-analyze for patterns

Working with Sources

-Before gather info, scan them to see what they can offer

-view sources as someone elses writing

Relevance and Reliability

-not all sources you find prove worthwhile

Questions for Evaluating Sources


-up to date?


-wheres the source come from?

Evaluating Library Sources

-dates, titles, summaries, introductions, headings, author biographies

Identifying Origin of Source

-check whether a library source is popular or scholarly

-more reliable

Indentify Author Bias

-every author has a point of view

-look at source

-how does the authors ideas relate to those in other sources?

Questions for Evaluating Web Sites

-what type of site are you viewing?

-who is the author or sponser? 


Determine Type of Site

-Scholarly Sites

-knowledge building interest and inclue research reports with supporting data

-informational site

-advocacy site

-present views of organizations that promote certain policies


-present views promoting the company


-range from diaries of a family's travels to opinions on political issues to reports on evolving scholarship

Identify the Author and Sponser

-reputable site will list its authors

Consider and Anayze Context

-follow links to analyze credibility

-are ideas current?

-are views authoritative?

-claims supported by reliable sources?

Avoiding Plagarism and Documenting Sources

-plagarism is bad

-it's the presentation of other's work as your own

"The Merits of Meritocracy" Response

Posted by [email protected] on November 11, 2013 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Let me start off my reaction to David Brooks's piece by saying that I am glad I had the oppotunity to read it and it is my hope that many others will have the opportunity to read it as well.

Since I was a young boy, it has been instilled into my head that I must strive to be the best whether it be in sports, academics, music, or any other discispline. My focus was to win awards in each area and after earning merits in these different areas, all that happened was I put them away and saved them in a secure location. Then, over the course of the past year of my life, my time has been used up collecting such accomplishments, merits, and other significant facts and putting them all down onto different forms and papers. This process of applying to colleges began quickly and did not end soon as applications for scholarships crowded my agenda for the rest of the year. What's more is once I had collected all of the impressive feats I had reached in my life and put them down onto an application, I sent it off to someone who's job is solely to evaluate me.

Those who may not be in the middle class and do not have the opportunity to attend college like I do may be envious of the opportunities given to me, but it is my belief that these things are not easy. My entire life has been centered around being involved in organizations, clubs, teams, etc. All these things have forced me to grow up quite quickly and start making decisions that will affect the rest of my life. And to have someone lament that I have it easy is a huge insult. Just as anyone else, I have my own pressures in life from outside sources and from me personally. I work hard at the things I do which is all anyone in this world can ask themselves about at the end of the day. Furthermore, who's to say what one person must worry about is better or worse than another person's burden? The answer is nobody. Everyone is an individual, and should be treated with the same respect as such.

David Brooks hits the nail on the head in this article. There may be middle class children who never have to worry about where their next meal is coming from, or where they will sleep that night, but that doesn't mean life is easy. 

LBCH Chapter 1 Presentation Notes

Posted by [email protected] on November 5, 2013 at 12:50 AM Comments comments (0)

How to start:

-keeping a journal of anytime you think of an idea, for possible use in future

observing your surroundings

-free writing

-writing into a subject

-try invisible writing technique

-focused freewriting



-asking questions

-Remember when writing






Two main operations of shaping material




-be focused on and controlled by main idea

-develop and shape the idea as you write and learn more info


-general and specific ideas and how they're ordered

-watch the relationship between ideas

-schemes for essays


-unity and coherence (ideas flow in a natural order)

Schemes for organization

-spatial: person, place, or thing, move through space systematically

-chronological: recounting a sequence of events, arrange event s in order of when they happened

-specific to general: first provide support than draw a conclusion


-tree diagram


-starting to draft

-read over what youve writtin

-free write

-skip opening and start in middle

write about what you understand best

maintain momentum when writing

-set aside enough time for yourself

-work in a quiet place

-be fluid

-keep going



-read drat slowely and think about what is being said

-read as if you've never seen the piece before

-have other revise your work

-read it out loud

-on a computer

-don't rely on spell checker to fix all mistakes

-work on a double spaced copy

-use find command to locate and correct your common problems

Developing Paragraphs

1. narration

2. description

3. illusrtation or support

4. definition

5. division or analysis

6. classification

7. comparison and contrast

8. cause and effect analysis

9. process analysis

Reflection on Russel Baker's "School vs. Education"

Posted by [email protected] on November 3, 2013 at 9:35 PM Comments comments (0)

Russel Baker is quite satirical of the American education system in this piece. He essentially chronicles the stages that a typical student would encounter, however he does so with a twist. Instead of describing the various steps in the manner that the majority of society does, Russel bluntly names the stages in a way that degrades the processes students must go through. By doing so, he makes the main idea come around in a round about way. The main idea is that despite what many people belive, the education system in America is not doing a good job at teaching children how to have good morals or have a sense of individuality in an equal-opporunitied manner.

One such example of satire towards education is when Russel talks about the beginning of formal education, also known as, the time a "child learns that life is for testing." While there are, in some people's eyes, too many tests that students must take throughout the duration of attendance in school, it is a common known fact that school is useful for much more than just reporting things to testers.

Russel Baker does a good job at communicating his message to his audience through a creative manner. Even though the different stages that he describes are largely blown out of proportions, they still contain small details that indicate what he is referring to. By connecting with his readers in such a casual manner, audience attention spans can stay focused on the peice, yet the message is still displayed.

"Balancing a Family, Job, and Graduate Career" Response

Posted by [email protected] on October 28, 2013 at 1:50 PM Comments comments (0)

Some things are tough to read. This post by my professor, Dr. Marohang Limbu, is one such piece that is difficult to not symphasize with. As a student who is living about an hour and a half away from home, I miss my family a lot.  I can not fathom being on the other side of the world for a such an extended period of time. Considering the other circumstances that surfaced during Dr. Marohang's PHD program, it is such an inspiration to hear that his life is much better these days.

Furthermore, it's obvious that there are bad times in everyone's lifetime, and although as I have mentioned before that it was a sad story to hear, I am glad that I was able to read it. For Dr. Marohang, I'm sure it took an emotional toll on him to write all of that out and openly express the emotions he and his family encountered. However, I commend him for doing so, as I have now gained even more respect for him than I already had. Clearly, having the opportunity to become a professor means a lot to him due to all of the hard work that was put into his PHD work. This makes me value my time in class and the lessons that I learn from his class even more.

"The Curious Researcher" Chapter 4 Notes

Posted by [email protected] on October 23, 2013 at 1:25 PM Comments comments (0)

-2 types of drafts

argument- finding evidence for a certain viewpoint already held

exploratory- research is conducted to create a thesis

-delayed thesis structure helps with an exploratory essay

-structure for exploring

-Question-claim structure

-helps with argumentative paper

-whats the problem?

-who has said something about it?

-what is my claim?

-what evidence can i offer?

-what is significant about my claim?

-exploring or arguing

structure for arguement

-intro research question

-address your argurment in thesis

-discuss popular opinions, and background info

-talk about why you belive a certian idea

-end by saying what can be taken away from your arguement

-preparing to write the draft

categories of questions

-policy question

-relationship question

-interpretation question

-hypothesis question

-leading and preperation of paper

-choosing a lead to capture the reader's attention

1. working the common ground (connect a past event with something from today)

2. putting people on the page 

3. writing a strong ending

4. using surprise

-writing with sources

-do not let writing with sources change your style

-draw from many sources

-avoid using long quotes that go off track

-fluidly add quotes

-splice quotes to capture key points

-focus on your research question

Project 3- Inquiry Questions

Posted by [email protected] on October 21, 2013 at 12:35 AM Comments comments (0)


What college first offered finance as a major?

What are some of the jobs finance majors lead to?

What types of courses are needed for finance majors?

Up to what level of degree can you earn for finance?

What's the purpose of the subject field?

What kind of works of writing are associated with this field?

Informal vs. formal?

essays? emails? newsletters?

What kinds of advancements are being made in the field?

How are finance majors ciriculum changing?

What are famous books explaining the basics of finance?

How about academic papers?

Any famous researchers or authors in the field?

"The Curious Researcher" Chapter 3 Notes

Posted by [email protected] on October 16, 2013 at 8:45 PM Comments comments (0)

-When beginning research, continuously paraphrase the information being read

-plagarism is bad

-when quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing a source it must be fully cited

-it's okay to borrow words from a source as long as they have quotes around them

-plagarism is dissrespectful to the research and hard work the author

-paraphrasing is reworking information into your own words

-a summary is a compact version of alot of information

-a lot of emotion and effect comes out of the original language: quotes

-tips for when quoting

"quote selectively"

"provide a context"

"follow up"

-question material when taking notes

-tell a story when taking notes

-Note taking Techniques

-double-entry journal

-research log

-narrative notetaking

-online research notebooks

-use varied terms when advancing online searching for info 

"The Curious Researcher" Chapter 2 Notes

Posted by [email protected] on October 15, 2013 at 9:25 PM Comments comments (0)

-good research strategies are essential to a well written paper

-Vary your sources

-Online Newspaper Articles

-Academic Journals


-Online search techniques

-Index searches using Library of Congress

-Keyword searches in library databases

-keyword searches on the world wide web

-favor primary over secondary sources

-favor objective over subjective sources

-attempt to use stable sources

-a stable source is a webpage that will last and won't dissapear (Ex. The New York Times)

-pay attention to the date a source was published, it may matter depending on your topic

-Look for documents with a stated author

-if someone is willing to put their name on a piece than it is more likely to be quality info

-Types of thesis (differ depending on each assignment)

-suspending judgement (searching through info to then form an opinion)

-testing assumptions (research to test an ssumption or hypothosis)

-arguing (looking for evidence to back up an obvious thesis)


-basic bib (running list)

-working bib (basic bib with a summary of each source)

-evaluative bib (add in your opinion to the info of the source)

-Call numbers are your best friend when searching the lib.

-organized with subjects all together

-Organized in 2 ways

-Dewey decimal system

-library of congress style

-Types of search engines

-general search (Google, Ask, Bing)

-metasearch tools (take top results of all top search engines)

-Interviews are great ways to get a primary account of someone who maybe didn't want to publish something on it

-construct open-ended questions 

-use feild research

"The Curious Researcher" Chapter 1 Response

Posted by [email protected] on October 8, 2013 at 6:25 PM Comments comments (0)

The basis of the first chapter of "The Curious Researcher" is concerning the process of starting an essay. The author, Bruce Ballenger, talks about three different aspects of this startup process: the main idea, resources, and reading. For all three of these parts, Bruce includes multiple strategies, each differing in format. By encompassing many different options, it is difficult not to relate to what he has to say.

The first portion of the chapter, covering the formation of ideas is quite extensive. However, this is for good reason; the idea is the heart of a paper. Without an interesting subject, the writer or reader may lose interest in the paper. Never the less, possible strategies for brainstorming appears to be endless. The strategy that I personally consul is a mix between some of the strategies that Bruce shared. When a writing assignment is handed out to me in class, the first thing I do is write down about three or four possible subjects on a piece of paper. I then write out possible supports or subheadings around each subject. Once this is done, I then sit back and evaluate each subject until I finally find the right one. Additionally, I can always go back and change subjects.

The second portion of the chapter covers resources. When writing a research paper, resources are your best friends. Bruce mentions many different types and then comments on what he thinks of each. In my experience, when beginning research, it is best to go to Wikipedia and start reading up on a chosen subject. That way a solid knoweldge base is built up prior to even searching for citable sources. Futhermore, if I am struggling to find information on my subject online, I will ocasionally begin on the sources cited on Wikipedia pages.

The final component covered in the chapter is reading. Reading for research is an important skill to develop early in one's academic career. When sorting through loads of information and sources, time consumption can become an issue. To combat this, a student needs to be able to search for information quickly through skills such as scanning the table of contents and skimming through paragraphs. I'm glad that Bruce mentioned this because at the beginning of high school, I struggled with being able to find useful information quickly. It is crucial to have those skills.

Overall, Bruce Ballenger does an excellant job in the first chapter of the book. I am excited to read the rest of what he has written.